What Are the Qualifications of Witnesses in Marriage?
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What Are the Qualifications of Witnesses in Marriage?



Reply Date

Apr 07, 2018


Please, I want to know in detail the position of witnesses in the formalization and celebration of a valid Muslim marriage. I understand that witnesses are one of the requirements of a valid marriage in Islam. So, what I want to inquire about is "the position of a witness for the formalization of a valid Islamic marriage" especially in terms of qualification, number of the witnesses, etc.



So Early Age for Muslim Girls’ Marriage

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

In this fatwa:

1- The presence of two witnesses is a vital condition of the marriage. So, it has to be taken in consideration.

2- As for the qualifications of the witnesses, it should not be taken rigidly; as long as the people we choose for witnessing are of good reputation, they are reliable for this task.

In his response to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:

Marriage is primarily a social contract in Islam; and, as such, two reliable individuals should witness it. The purpose of this is to serve as an attestation of the marriage contract as well as to help publicize it, as it should be distinguished from secret affairs or liaisons which are unlawful in Islam.

However, there is no need to be overly rigid over this issue. We should consider people as innocent unless proven otherwise.

Almighty Allah knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.

About Sheikh Ahmad Kutty

Sheikh Ahmad Kutty is a Senior Lecturer and an Islamic Scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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