What Is the Standard Formula of Tashahhud?
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What Is the Standard Formula of Tashahhud?

Questioner

Amir

Reply Date

Mar 02, 2017

Question

As-Salamu alaykum. I came across an article which says after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), `A'isha (may Allah be pleased with her) and his Companions recited the tashahhud as As-salamu `ala an-nabi instead of As-salamu `alaika ayyuha an-nabi. What is the correct formula?

Mufti

Answer


What Is the Standard Formula of Tashahhud?

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His Sake.

Answering your question, Dr. Mohammad S. Alrahawan, Associate Professor at the department of Islamic Studies in English, Al-Azhar University, Egypt, states:

 Ibn Mas`ud narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) taught me the tashahhud as he taught me a Surah from the Qur’an, while my hand was between his hands.

“(Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah’s slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), but when he had died, we used to say, “Peace be on the Prophet.” (Al-Bukhari)

Scholars maintained that this is the view of `Abdullah ibn Mas`ud which is based on his own personal reasoning. It has not been accredited by other Companions of the Prophet. For example, `Umar recited the standard formula of tashahhud on the pulpit, where the Prophet’s companions received it without objection.

Yahya related from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa`id al-Ansari that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad told him that `A’ishah, the wife of the prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) used to say in the tashahhud, “Greetings, good words, prayers, pure actions belong to Allah. I testify that there is no god except Allah, alone without partner, and I testify that Muhammad is the slave of Allah and His Messenger. Peace be upon you, Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and on the slaves of Allah who are salihun. Peace be upon you. ” (Al-Muwatta’)

Therefore, the correct view is to adhere to the standard formula which the Prophet related to his Companions including Ibn Mas`ud.

Allah Almighty knows best.




About Dr. Mohammad S. Alrahawan

Associate Professor at the department of Islamic Studies in English, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

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