Making up for Missed Days of Fasting on behalf of a Deceased
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Making up for Missed Days of Fasting on behalf of a Deceased: Permissible?

Questioner

Ibrahim

Reply Date

Apr 29, 2019

Question

Dear scholars of Islam, as-Salaam `alaykum. My father passed away; while he was in his last illness, he could not fast; he also failed to offer fidyah for the same. What should I do? Am I supposed to fast on his behalf or offer fidyah for the days he had missed?

Mufti

Answer


Making up for Missed Days of Fasting on behalf of a Deceased

Wa`alykum As-Salamu Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.


In this fatwa:

1- If a person dies before having paid fidyah for not fasting, then it must be taken from his inheritance .

2- If a person leaves nothing behind him, then his children should offer fidyah on behalf of their deceased father/mother.

3- If they wish to fast on their deceased father or mother, it is acceptable.


 

Answering your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:

A person who is terminally ill is exempted from fasting, but he must offer fidyah (compensation) for that; compensation for skipping a fast is feeding one poor person.

Allah says: {For those who can do it (With extreme hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent.} (Al-Baqarah 2:184)

If a person dies before having paid fidyah, then according to opinion of many scholars, it must be taken from his inheritance before it is distributed since it is a debt owed to Allah and like all debts he owes, it must be set aside before the inheritance is distributed.

If, however, a person leaves nothing behind him, then it is his children’s duty, if they can afford, to offer fidyah on behalf of their deceased father/mother.

Instead of offering fidyah, should they wish to fast, that is also considered acceptable. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon) has reminded us, “Allah’s debts are more worthy of being settled.” (Ahmad)

Allah Almighty knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.

 




About Sheikh Ahmad Kutty

Sheikh Ahmad Kutty is a Senior Lecturer and an Islamic Scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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