Short Answer: Believers rejoice and celebrate after a month of rigorous fast. But we should never ever forget God and His blessings. This is because the core of a Muslim’s life is devotion to God and eagerness to obey and show gratitude to Him. For this reason, the core of the Eid celebration is prayer. All the festivities on the occasion are subordinated to the grateful remembrance of God.
Salam dear brother,
Thank you for your questions and for contacting Ask About Islam.
The wisdom behind the celebration after a month of fasting or self-denial ought to be fairly obvious.
For one whole month, you deprive yourself of all the natural pleasures of eating, drinking, and sexual intercourse at will; you dedicate the whole daytime for fasting and a major portion of the night for praying.
Reasons to Be Thankful
You mark the end of this month of fasting with a celebration: you are once again free to enjoy your food, drink, and marital intimacy freely.
Naturally, the feast after the fast becomes doubly enjoyable, and nobody is likely to debate that!
What is more important is that you have every reason to be thankful to God for His blessings, which you have been enjoying freely, until their deprivation for one month brought home to you their real worth.
The festival of Eid therefore, must necessarily come immediately after the fast of Ramadan.
What is really your concern here is that Muslims pray even in the midst of celebration, or “fun”.
To many people, especially in the West, the word “fun” evokes, for instance, the colorful images of the world’s biggest and grandest carnival in Rio de Janeiro or the Mardi Gras in New Orleans. They may also think of the wild revelries and partying they have during other festivals and fiestas throughout the world.
But, it is obvious that to a people of another culture, fun and entertainment may have different connotations.
In fact, the concept of fun varies from culture to culture; and it is no wonder that people of one culture feel some sort of “culture shock”, when they confront people of another culture, having fun in a different way.
Non-Muslims can understand the Muslim culture, only if they have some idea of the Muslim worldview.
The Muslim Worldview
Islam teaches that God has given us guidance through His books and prophets. Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last of the prophets and the Quran is the final revelation and last testament of divine guidance.
Muslims are required to order all aspects of their life in accordance with the divine guidance as well as the example of the Prophet.
For the Muslim, no aspect of his or her life is exempt from this existential understanding of the role of religion in daily life. His/her whole life is directed towards God, and he/she cannot do anything without taking into consideration whether God will approve of it or not.
The famous Christian theologian and a leading figure in contemporary moral Philosophy, Paul Tillich, defined religion as the Ultimate Concern of Man. A Muslim believes firmly in that.
All other human concerns should be subordinated to religion. This means that a Muslim cannot separate various aspects of his day-to-day life from religion; and celebration is no exception.
Rejoice and Celebrate
If happiness is the provision of the soul, how can it be exercised against its innate nature?
Who would know that very innate nature and its striving for peace and satisfaction better than the Creator of the soul, body, and world?
The Islamic fast itself may be viewed by others as a little too harsh. But we can see that the fast referred to by Jesus in the Gospels must have been as “severe” as the Muslim fast (Matthew 6:16–18).
As Islam declares itself to be the latest and the most finalized form of the same message and religion taught by all prophets, including Jesus (peace be upon him), this is not surprising.
God commands that after a month of rigorous fast, the believers can rejoice and celebrate. But mind you, we should never ever forget God and His blessings.
This is because the core of a Muslim’s life is devotion to God and eagerness to obey and show gratitude to Him.
For this reason, the core of the Eid celebration is prayer. All the festivities on the occasion are subordinated to the grateful remembrance of God.
Celebrate … in Moderation
This brings to the fore an important aspect of it all; the celebration of Muslims cannot get out of control. It is marked by decorum and restraint. Muslims can follow other models in celebration, only in defiance of the above principle.
This is because Islam strongly disapproves of people letting themselves go; drinking, dancing with the opposite sex, etc. are not relevant to the essence of Islamic socio-logic … or homo-logic either.
Intoxication or wild enjoyment of any kind is just not the way of enjoying life a Muslim would pursue.
In fact, we can see a similar strain in the Jewish Pesach or Passover, and the Christian Easter, where the general tenor is religious.
Even in countries like Spain, where they make the most of the holy season (Semana Santa) with torch-lit processions and extravagant religious ceremonies, you cannot miss the religious atmosphere.
As for the Muslim, he/she should constantly remember God throughout his sober life. Since this is impossible, his/her duty is to strive at his/her best to maintain a steady consciousness of God.
The salah or the five ritual Prayers a day are meant to keep the remembrance of God. The exact Qur’anic command is not just “pray”, but “establish prayer”, which suggests, among other things, that no human activity is exempt from the remembrance of God.
A God-Conscious Life
For one thing, a person who remembers God constantly is safe from any sort of moral lapse.
This is because the remembrance of God makes him strive to do the good and avoid the evil. This brings him the double blessing of the hereafter, along with that of the here-and-now.
All activities of a Muslim, therefore are bound to be God-directed; and a Muslim should like to spend every moment of his life in prayer, if possible.
That is due to the fact that he believes that this life is transient and his real destination is the eternal abode in the hereafter.
So, fun time is also prayer time, though it may sound … funny.
Hope this answers your question. Thank you and please send us any further question you may have.
(From Ask About Islam archives)
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