Does Islam Encourage Poverty & Asceticism? | About Islam
Home > Ask About Islam > Does Islam Encourage Poverty & Asceticism?

Does Islam Encourage Poverty & Asceticism?

Questioner

Anonymous

Reply Date

Sep 20, 2017

Question

Someone was telling me a while ago about a Prophetic Hadith where the noble Prophet (peace be upon him) praised the destitute on several occasions, such as the Hadith whose meaning is "The poor will be the first to enter Paradise", and "the poor will precede the rich in entering Jannah for a half-day time measurement, i.e. 500 years", in addition to other Prophetic ahadith and statements that purport to raise the esteem of the "downtrodden" segments of the society. Doesn't this mean that the religion of Islam "lays too much emphasis on poverty" in a sense that gives support to people who give less attention to acquiring wealth, and give in to asceticism more than "luxuries" of life...etc.? This question needs tackling for some non-Muslims might be quoting or misquoting such religious discourse and cite them as reasons for "some backwardness symptoms in our societies".

Consultant

Answer


Poverty asceticism

Salam Dear Sister,

Thank you for your question and for contacting Ask About Islam.

Context is King

At times, Islam presents information about realities in separate texts. If one looks at one of these texts in isolation, it may lead one to an incomplete picture.

For example, the statements of the Prophet that suggest poor people will enter Paradise before the rich may make one think that Islam recommends one to remain poor.

However, we find that the Prophet himself would say,

“O Allah, I seek your refuge from poverty.” [Sahih – An-Nasai]

Islam encourages strength in knowledge, wealth, and health

We are encouraged to seek strength in knowledge, seek Allah’s refuge from poverty for financial strength, and ask Allah for comfort and ease for health, as the Prophet would say:

“O Allah, grant me comfort in my body, comfort in my hearing, comfort in my sight, there is none worthy of worship except you.” [Hasan – Abu Dawud]

Understanding that Islam encourages strength in wealth, how do we then understand the texts that state poor people will enter Paradise before the rich?

Entrance to Paradise is preceded by a session of accountability for wealth- how it was earned and spent as the Prophet said:

The two feet of the son of Adam will not move before his Lord on the Day of Judgment until he is asked about five concerning his life – how he spent it; about his youth – how he took care of it; about his wealth – how he earned it; and where he spent it and about that which he acted upon from the knowledge he acquired. [Hasan – Sahih al-Jami’]

Naturally, the questioning of those with many financial transactions will be longer than those with less wealth.

Islam does not, though, discourage wealth or teach that poor people are guaranteed paradise.

Use Wealth Responsibly

The wealthy person can truly benefit from his wealth and receive a higher position in Paradise if they use it properly. The Prophet alluded to this by saying:

“The rich are in fact the poor on the Day of Resurrection except those who spend their wealth like this, and like this, and like this, to their right, left and back, but such people are few in number.” [Al-Bukhari]

Islam does not just encourage one to be financially strong, but also emphasizes using the wealth responsibly.

Using wealth responsibly allows wealth to become a source of rewards in the hereafter and not a burden.

Likewise, a poor person who is arrogant and commits evil can enter Hell:

“There are three that Allah will not speak to on the Day of Judgment nor purify them:

  • An aged person committing adultery
  • A lying king
  • An arrogant poor person” [Muslim]

We have great examples of wealthy companions who used their wealth responsibly and supported society, among them: Abu Bakr, Uthman ibn Affan, Abdurrahman ibn Awf, Talhah ibn Ubaydullah, Abdullah ibn Umar, etc.

I hope this helps answer your question.

Salam and please keep in touch.


(From AboutIslam’s archives)

Read more…

Reinterpreting Prosperity and Hardship

 

So Much Emphasis on the Hereafter; What About Now?

 

All That Glitters Is Not Gold




About Shakiel Humayun

Shakiel Humayun, a dad, a husband, and an entrepreneur, was born and raised in New York City. He graduated from Baruch College with a BBA in Business Administration. He then completed postgraduate studies at the Umm-ul-Qura University in Makkah al-Mukarramah receiving an Associate’s Degree in Arabic and Islamic Studies with honors. He continued his studies at the College of Shariah at Umm-ul-Qura University. During his stay in Makkah, he had the opportunity to benefit from many scholars.

He firmly believes in the importance of a strong community and as a result his non-profit endeavors include founding the Foundation for Knowledge and Development,Wellspring Elementary, the Hatebusters, and Masjid ‘Eesa ibn Maryam. He currently blogs at shakielhumayun.com.

find out more!